Planning and participation in 1950s Italy
Courtesy of the excellent Planum online journal of urbanism, these fascinating short films are a reminder that [tag]consultation[/tag], [tag]participation[/tag], enabling and involvement are not at all new. The films were part of the town planning exhibition set up for the [tag]Tenth Milan Triennale[/tag] in 1954 by Giancarlo De Carlo (1919-2005), Carlo Doglio (1914-95) and Ludovico Quaroni (1911-87). They said:
‘This is the Town Planning Exhibition. We won’t show you models, designs, drawings or technical material because we know that you wouldn’t want to look at them. …We would like to persuade you that […] you have the right to contribute you opinion and your action. You are the central figures of all that Town Planning invests in its work’
Predictably this upset architects especially Bruno Zevi who wrote in his column for the weekly L’Espresso magazine, ‘The exhibition manages to annoy everyone…’, and defined the trio as ‘the anarchists who rip up plans’. It’s rather as if nothing much has changed.
The intention of the three films and the entire layout of the exhibition is very clearly stated in the final words of one of the three films:
‘Go to your city, man, and work with those who want to make it more human, more similar to you’
The full commentary and explanation of the films is available here. See all three films in sequence below. Planning and participation in 1950s Italy.
Planum has started an archive of interesting short movies on town planning currently featuring the 1980s renaissance of Barcelona, the life of small spaces in New York and German and French short films on city building from the 1930s.